The Updated report on the personnel retention rate, the possible reasons for a low retention rate of Roma employees, the interactions between co-workers and with management inside the companies was finalized. This report presents the results after the second round of questionnaires applied by HEKS/EPER Romania’s experts in companies from Bihor and Cluj counties, during October – December 2020. The report has two parts: the first part presents the results of questionnaires completed by employees and the second part presents the results of questionnaires completed by managers and Human Resources specialists.
In February 2020, the majority of subjects of the sample in the first survey were unskilled workers (79.6%), self-identified as Roma (56%) aged between 20-49 years old (79%) and 48% have graduated utmost eight grade. Almost a third of the subjects were employed by the 4 wiring companies included in companies’ sample and the remaining 71% are employees in sanitation companies, public food or furniture production field.
Mean seniority at the current job was over 4 years but this indicator was impacted by a few cases of very high seniority, median seniority being of 2 years. The total average work seniority was 14.3 years. Independently of the age and total work seniority, the cases the seniority at the current workplace is higher than 10 years were very singular.
As comparing with the structure of the sample in the first survey, in the second one the following changes occur:
- Higher percentage of employees in automotive wiring field
- Women higher percentage
- Unchanged distributions on ethnicity, level of qualification
- Much higher percentage of 40-59 age group and lower of 20-29 age group
- Changed percentage of those who graduated upper secondary school (increasing) comparing with those who graduated mandatory secondary school (decreasing)
- The average seniority at the workplace is higher with 1 year (p (ANOVA)<0,01)
- In exchange, the overall average seniority at workplace is lower with almost 1.6 years (p(ANOVA)<0,01)
Not only have the differences in the contents of the samples in the two surveys impacted on the comparisons but also the unplanned intervention of Covid-19 pandemic lead to measures of isolation and restrictions of interactions right after the first survey. Many of the significant differences which may be observed between the two analyses have as main cause working conditions changing due to pandemic. Consequently, any conclusion regarding the impact of intervention should be deducted with precaution starting from the data presented in this report.